little monkey

elstel.org

by Elmar Stellnberger

COP26: Making NDCs comparable

Category: general,
Source: info,
Language: en,
Type:
new
.
We have tried to make the NDCs (nationally determined commitments) that is the GHG (greenhouse gas) reduction committments of the top four emitters in this sequence 1:China, 2:USA, 3:India, 4:EU-28 comparable. The -50% of the US can not directly be compared with the -55% of the EU as the US calculates with a base year of high emissions that is 2005 and the EU with an elder year of low emissions that is 1990. We believe Joe Biden could in deed do more. Time and again we hear from protesters against tar sands and fracked gas infrastructure to be arrested. Tar sands are the dirtiest fossil fuels and they shall at best be ditched immediately. China´s target of -65%/2005 in relation to the GDP (gross domestic product) until 2030 is ambitious though it starts from a high level. Since the target varies on the level of future economic growth it is rather hard to say how it relates to the EU target of -55%. India´s -33% of GDP/2005 are least ambitious. Because of the economic growth the reductions is actually less than it appears to be. We think Narendra Modi could do more. India is planning to expand its coal mining by 37% until 2024 because India´s demand for coal is actually higher than what can be imported. An article in the Guardian says that India would currently not need to face an energy shortage if it had invested more in renewable energies. We will update our calculations here once we have new or better data.



COP26 Forest Protection: Just Hot Air!

Category: general,
Source: info,
Language: en,
Type:
update
.
Leaders like Xi Jinping, Jair Bolsonaro and Joe Biden have presented a new agreement to halt and reverse deforestation by 2030. Major forested countries like Brazil, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Papua New Guinea will all sign the commitment. Unfortunately it will allow for another decade of forest destruction! This is too much. The Amazon is already on the brink and can’t survive years more of deforestation. Indigenous Peoples are calling for 80% of the Amazon to be protected by 2025. Otherwise the rest of the Amazon could turn in to savannah. There is also little chance Bolsonaro would even abide by this entirely voluntary agreement. The 2014 New York Declaration was not abided to either. It would have demanded an end of deforestation in supply chains until 2020. Bolsonaro is currently still preparing a new law package that would encourage deforestation. With the lack of action to reduce demand for industrial meat and dairy there is no chance forest protection would be effective! That is why we still need the European forest protection law.
main link: success against deforestation in Indonesia and Malaysia / see also statement of Greenpeace.
NRDC: What is happening at COP26?



Steven Donziger sent to prison

Category: general,
Source: info,
Language: en,
Type:
update
.
Out of pure greed Chevron/Texaco has deliberately dumped millions of liters of toxic waste from oil production into ponds and rivers in Ecuador instead of returning them to the subsurface as would have been state of the art. The inhabitants have been dying of cancer as they did no more have unpolluted drinking water. The advocate Steven Donziger has defended Ecuador. He has refused to turn over his computer, cell phone and confidential case files to Chevron which would have been illegal to his clients. That is why the corrupt US-justice system has put him under house arrest, which did not want to end for more than two years. Yesterday a judge picked by Chevron has sent him to one of the most unsafe prisons in the country where many people already have died or got injured. Amnesty International, Protect the Protest Task Force, Amazon Watch, Law Students for Climate Accountability and actor and activist Lucy Lawless have now demanded in unison that Attorney General Garland and President Biden comply with the decision of the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention and immediately release Donziger.



Hydrogen Mobililty

Category: general,
Source: info,
Language: en,
Type:
new
.
The efficiency factor of the electrolysis of water is as low as that of a combustion engine: 30%. Nonetheless we will not suffice without hydrogen mobility. Only 50% of the electricity need can be produced within Germany when a sustainable transport system is to be realized.



We can do without F-gases

Category: general,
Source: info,
Link: about:blank,
Language: en,
Type:
new
.
Pure fluorinated gases are fortunately not harmful to the ozon layer like FCKWs; however they are super greenhouse gases. Sulfurhexafluorid SF6, used as isolation gas in the distribution of electrical current is 24,000 times more harmful than CO2 and the most aggressive greenhouse gas of the world. Nonetheless natural alternatives like CO2, ammoniac or propane exist. The EU prescribes a stepwise exit from F-gases. Many producers go for hydrofluorinated lefines which are unsaturized organic fluorine compounds. HFO freezing agents have a low greenhouse potential and do not harm the ozone layer. However they have persistent breakdown products like trifluorine-acetic-acid TFA which are accumulating in the environment. They can already be detected in beer and wine. Health impacts unknown. The use of these substances, which are likely harmful, does thus violate the precautionary principle as established in the EU. The europe-wide exit from F-gases until 2030 can save 100 million tons of CO2 equivalents. A worldwide changeover to unharmful, natural alternatives would be desirable. Heat pumps as needed for the fight against climate change should also do without the saturized, greenhouse effective FKWs.