Information about the Corona Virus (Covid-19 / 2019-nCov / SARS-nCov-2)
A coronavirus infection does not cause a running nose or a cough like at a common cold, but rather a harsh, dry cough. It is simple to distinguish. The virus does not resist higher levels of heat. Therefore, hot beverages such as herbal teas or simply hot water should be consumed abundantly during the day. These hot liquids neutralize the virus and are easy to swallow. Avoid drinking ice cold water or ice drinks. The coronavirus has a large size (diameter from 400 to 500 nanometers) so any respirator mask can stop it, there is no need in daily life for special respirator masks. The situation of doctors and health workers is different. They are exposed to heavy charges of the virus and must use special equipment. If an infected person sneezes in front of us, three meters of distance will bring the virus to the ground and prevent it from falling down on us. When the virus is on metal surfaces, it survives there for a minimum of 12 hours, therefore, when metal surfaces such as doors, appliances, handrails, etc. are touched, hands should be thoroughly washed and disinfected with alcoholic gel. The virus can live nested in clothing and survive there at least between 6 and 12 hours. Common detergents can kill it. Items that cannot be washed daily are recommended for being exposed to the sun. That will make the virus die.
How it manifests itself: The virus first settles in the throat, causing inflammation and a feeling of dryness. This symptom can last between 3 and 4 days. The virus travels through the moisture present in the airways down into the trachea and settles in the lungs causing pneumonia that lasts for about 5 or 6 days. Pneumonia manifests itself with high fever and difficulty in breathing, not accompanied by the classic cold but there may be a feeling of suffocation. In this case, the doctor should be called immediately.
How can a contagion be avoided? Transmission of the virus usually occurs by direct contagion, touching fabrics, tissues or materials on which the virus is present: Washing hands is essential. The virus survives on our hands for at least 10 minutes, but in that time many things can happen: You rub your eyes, touch your nose - for example - this allows the virus to enter your throat. Therefore, for our good and the good of all, wash your hands often and disinfect them. You can gargle with disinfecting solutions that remove or minimize the amount of virus that can enter the throat; doing this will remove it before it goes down into the trachea and then into the lungs. Disinfect PC keyboard and mouse and the steering wheel of your car. We must take good care of ourselves and others.
The new coronavirus may show no signs of infection for many days, before which it is not possible to tell if a person is infected. But when fever or cough manifests and you go to the hospital, you may already have a fibrosis, a destruction of lung tissue. It is late then. Experts from Taiwan suggest doing a simple check every morning: Take a deep breath in and hold your breath for 10 seconds. If you achieve this without coughing, without difficulty and or feeling of oppression etc. this shows that there is no fibrosis in the lungs.
We all need to make sure that our mouth and throat are always wet and never dry. You should drink a sip of water at least every 15 minutes; why? It appeases the tussive irritation in your throat and thereby allays a forthcoming infection of the lung. In addition, if the virus gets into water or other liquids in the mouth instead of coughing it up, it goes directly through the esophagus into the stomach, where gastric acids destroy the virus. If you don't drink enough water on a regular basis, the virus can pass into the trachea and from there to the lungs; it's very dangerous.
Chicken soup is currently the only scientifically proven agent against colds. All other drugs can only treat symptomatically. This is probably because of the fact that birds, due to their migratory behavior, have required resistance against such viruses by their evolution. Just think of the bird flu. It has not been confirmed yet whether chicken soup is also effective against Covid-19 (2019-nCov), but that can be considered probable, since influenza, the common cold and Covid-19 are all corona viruses that are relatively closely related. A table with all worldwide confirmed coronavirus cases can be found on ecdc.europa.eu.
If someone coughs or sneezes or simply talks loud or for a longer time within a closed room, microdroplets start to dissipate over the whole room. Even after 20 minutes there is no considerable reduction as experiments with high precision cameras have shown. That is why opening the windows for ventilation regularely is so important, epecially in highly frequented rooms and waiting rooms. Open the windows at least every hour. Those who complain about cold air are badly helping viruses to spread. Otherwise keep at least one meter distance and do not stay for more than seven seconds near another person in order to minimize exposition.